Every runner suffers from frustrating minor injuries. You may think these are due to running a lot, but in many cases it is not really the running that breaks your body down (unless your technique is poor and/or you over-train), but other less active parts of your life that you spend far more time on, and running a lot just finds the weak spots that they have caused. This affects all runners but even more so as you get older and the cumulative effect increases. As someone who has run 5 miles or more almost every day of the last 40+ years I have to make sure that I do a small amount of preventative maintenance every day to keep me running as comfortably as I still do at the age of 57.
Firstly, sitting for long periods over many years permanently over-stretches some muscles and shortens others, which in turn has an adverse impact on tendon strength, joint position and overall posture. Because of the amount of time that most people sit, this has more impact on running style than almost anything else and also sets you up for all kinds of running injuries as your body fights to overcome these discrepancies.
the amount of time that most people sit… has more impact on running style than almost anything else and also sets you up for all kinds of running injuries
Secondly wearing shoes all day every day (not just for running), even with lower heels, gradually shortens your achilles, other tendons and the calf muscles they are attached to, and overstretches the tendons and muscles on the front of the lower leg, changing and weakening the structure of the foot and whole lower leg.
Not sitting as much and walking around in bare feet should help, but in the real world these can be impractical. And changing to barefoot or minimalist running footwear is a step too far for most. If you do these exercises every day you will notice a renewed spring in your step and a reduction in ‘tight’ muscles.
The following simple exercises are designed to offset the negative impact of sitting and wearing shoes and should be done every day. Start with a very small amount and build up, but never more than a few minutes of each. Although these seem like low level exercises they will still hurt you if you do too much too soon. And once you are doing them most days you don’t need a lot. You are not trying to become a world champion squatter or heel raiser!
These are mainly preventative and maintenance exercises. They won’t fix major problems, which you should go and see a professional physiotherapist like Brian Cole and/or a bio-mechanics expert such as Clifton Bradeley to get an opinion and treatment on if required. However from my experience you should notice small changes including improvements in your running form, and the way your feet and lower legs feel when running within a few days of starting, and hopefully this will reduce the incidence of injuries and maybe even give you a little more spring in your step.
Stand with feet together and go down slowly right down on your haunches . Stand up smoothly and repeat. Start with 5 repetitions and build up to 15 a day. This exercise activates quad and glute muscles through a range of motion and you will rapidly feel the benefits through improved running form even from a small number of these each day. Your hamstring muscles will also feel less ‘tight’. Extra weight or repetitions are not needed. Compensation for sitting is all that is required and there is a potential additional risk to the knees if you do too many too soon anyway. If you already have knee problems limit this exercise to half squats, using a dining room chair as a marker for how low you should squat.
2. Heel Raises:
Wearing shoes with heels higher than your toes and sitting down for long periods gradually reduces the length, strength and endurance of your calf muscles. The strength in a calf muscle is its spring tension. With reduced calf spring your whole running action starts to fall to pieces and your running economy at any pace is reduced. Calf stretching can help a little but the real solution to keeping your calves working properly is to do some body weight single leg calf raises each day. Stand on one foot on a step and without letting the foot drop below the level of the step, raise your heel to a comfortable height, lower and repeat until you start to feel a burning sensation in your calf. Over a period of days build this up to 20-25 repetitions on each foot and maintain this every day. This offsets both shoe heels and sitting for long periods and allows your natural running springs to work properly. Not only will your calves feel less tight but your achilles tendon will work properly and cause you less issues. There is no need to increase the number of reps ever higher, or add additional weight – you just need the springs to be working as nature intended.
3. Bare foot toe curls:
Curl all your toes up under your foot for about 5 seconds and repeat 3 or 4 times a few times a day. This increases the strength of the tendons in your foot and the muscles that activate them in your calf, and helps to offset some of the weakness in your foot caused by long term wearing of overly supportive footwear. Start gently and gradually use more power as they get stronger. Don’t over-do this exercise at first or you will quickly get pain in the tendons under the foot showing exactly how weak they have got.
4. Barefoot indoor jogging:
Jog slowly around the lounge in your bare feet or socks for a couple of minutes. In addition to being a great all-round strengthening exercise for the feet and calf muscles, this is always a measure for me of whether any lower leg injury is too bad to run on. Start with a minute and don’t go above 5 minutes. When you first do this, your feet, ankles and calf muscles are likely to feel very weak, but they will soon get stronger with a bit of practice every day.
All exercises should only be undertaken at the readers own risk. If you have any doubts don’t do it.
If you have a question or need additional advice, or you want to give me feedback on how this advice worked (or didn’t) work for you, please don’t hesitate to contact me
All content in this article copyright of High Performance Runner 2019